What is the Difference Between the Theoretical and the Conceptual Framework?

Many graduating college students and even graduate students have difficulty coming up with the conceptual framework and the theoretical framework of their thesis, a required section in thesis writing that serves as the students' map on their first venture into research. The conceptual framework is almost always confused with the theoretical framework of the study. What is the difference between the conceptual and the theoretical framework? A conceptual framework is the researcher’s idea on how the research problem will have to be explored. This is founded on the theoretical framework, which lies on a much broader scale of resolution. The theoretical framework dwells on time tested theories that embody the findings of numerous investigations on how phenomena occur. The theoretical framework provides a general representation of relationships between things in a given phenomenon. The conceptual framework, on the other hand, embodies the specific direction by which the research wi...

How to Make a Conceptual Framework

Research or thesis writing is a logical process whereby new information can be generated. In carrying out research, one of the fundamental requirements is to be able to define clearly the direction of the study. If the issues are not clear in the researcher's mind, it is easy to wander away from what needs to be investigated. This is where the idea of putting things into focus comes into play, i. e., the building of a conceptual framework. The conceptual framework works like a map that sets the direction of research or thesis writing. How to Make a Conceptual Framework Coming up with a conceptual framework requires reading and understanding theories that explain relationships between things. A comprehensive understanding of the research issue, therefore, can be achieved through an exhaustive review of literature. Since research or thesis writing involves the explanation of complex phenomena, there is a need to simplify or reduce the complexity of the phenomena into measurable item...

Congratulation Messages for College Graduates

Graduation is certainly a very special occasion! It is a must to convey your congratulatory message and wishes to the person on this particular event of life. So if you are searching for congratulatory messages for college graduates then your search ends here. Read on to find the perfect congratulation messages for college graduates Writing a graduation message is not easy to do, significantly what you are going to write after you just say “congratulations!” You really should think of the best nice words and phrases that will surely make the receiver more inspired and strong in facing his/her life ahead. Here are the some beautiful collections of congratulation messages for college graduates which will really help you to write a thoughtful congratulatory message.  1. Congratulations (name)! I wish you all the best as you are going to face much challenging chapter of your life. I’m pretty sure that there are brighter horizons waiting for you as you step out...

Sorority Rush Terminology

These are some basic sorority rush terms that you will want to know. Your Recruitment Counselors may use them or a sorority sister may say them. There are some words that are absolutely not to be said during recruitment. The worst ones are the three B's: boys, booze or bars or sometimes called boys, booze or bad mouthing (other sororities that is). Sorority sisters will not say negative things about another sorority (or else that qualifies as dirty rushing) but they may also not say anything positive about other sororities either, for obvious reasons. And you shouldn't either (duh). Don't talk about boyfriends, drinking or drugs. I will talk more about the Do's and Don'ts of recruitment later, but for now here are some basic terms to get you introduced to sorority rush! Potential New Members (PNMs): also called "rushees". These are the girls who have signed up to go through recruitment, and are in the process of rush week. Sorority Sisters are not allowed to talk to rushees outside o...

4 Types of Social Research Design

To come up with a good research output, a good research design is needed. Without a good research design, the researcher will find himself flooded with information which may not be appropriate in meeting his objectives. Social Research Social research is aimed towards an understanding of social phenomena. Applying the appropriate research design in gathering the required data about people and their behavior is essential in understanding the complexities of human behavior. Social research uses both quantitative and qualitative approaches; the former approach focuses on quantifying evidence and usually applies statistics in analyzing the data gathered to reveal generalities while the latter aims to achieve understanding through subjective analysis of subjects and emphasizes the context by which things happen. The number of subjects of social research scientists range from a multitude of people to individuals. Documents are also examined to strengthen the findings. Hereunder are 4 dif...

What is Basic Research?

Universities or research-oriented institutions are always at the forefront of advancing knowledge on different fields of endeavour, that is, utilizing research as a tool towards greater understanding of phenomena. This understanding may later lead to practical applications beneficial to human society. The nature of researches conducted, therefore, can be categorized, either as basic or applied research. Generally, universities engage in basic research while profit-oriented research institutions anticipate the economic benefit that could be derived from practical applications of research findings. Many students new to the research field, however, are not very clear about whether they are actually performing basic research or applied research in the course of conceptualizing their research topics as part of their college or graduate school requirements. How different is basic research from applied research? This article discusses the former approach. What then is basic research? ...

Three Must-Read Short Stories for High School and College Students

Although short stories and novels both have the same elements – plot, character and theme – the short story develops these much more quickly than the novel due to limited spacing. A short story will typically have one plot, even if that plot has a twist or two, whereas a novel may have many plots built into one story. Characters will also be limited in number, perhaps only being qualified by a physical feature, a name or a personality trait. The theme will typically be simple and carry through the entire short story. Although there are exceptions to every rule, the short story is the “just right” chair, the “just right” bowl of porridge and the “just right” bed from Goldilocks and the Three Bears. If short stories were any shorter, they would be flash fiction. If they were any longer, they would be a novella or novel. Somewhere in between falls the short story. The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County – Mark Twain The narr...

Cengage Brain vs. Chegg: Textbook Rental Service Comparison

Chegg is a rental book company that rents textbooks to students.  Chegg does not want to sell textbooks; in fact it buys them back at very good rates for their customers.  It rental rates are very competitive especially when you consider the cost of shipping.  Cengage Brain is a company that sells textbooks below publisher's cost and also rents books and e-texts to its customers.  It offers a free forum for its customers to help each other with school.  Chegg does not offer these items, but it gives its customers discounts on using Cramster and CourseRank, which it owns.  Both companies offer students the opportunity to rent textbooks over the internet and have them shipped to their residence at a much cheaper price than purchasing the books new and in some cases used as well. Cengage Brain Pros and Cons Cengage Brain is a new web site that rents textbooks, offers e-copies and also sells textbooks.  For free, it also offers its customers throu...

The Uses of An Outline

Writing a composition is a difficult thing especially if you are a beginner. Some writers write in a disorganize way, making their composition redundant on ideas. In a composition, it is important to organize the things you want to say or emphasize to avoid redundancy. This could be done through the use of outlines in writing. One of the most effective way in planning a writing or revising a composition is through the use of an outline. Outline serves as an active analysis in order to discover the important points in a writing composition. It serves as the composition's visual model when it comes to its structure and plan. An outline should be used in order for the writer to determine the topic's main division. It is also essential to use outline to be able to establish connections of ideas or evidences with the entire composition. Another use of the formal outline is in rough draft revision or if you want to edit the final version of your composition. Using an outline makes the wri...

Sorority Rush: The Dirty Secrets

I want to talk today about how competitive sorority recruitment can be. While PNMs may see girls being catty, gossipy or rude on the outside, unfortunately it's not all sisterhood and sweetness on the inside of houses either. I have been through one recruitment on the rushee / PNM side. You might say "well duh, of course a sorority sister is only a rushee once" but well some girls don't get what they want the first time and go through rush again (and again). Although Rush to me seemed so stressful and nerve racking I would never want to do it again, being a sorority sister isn't that much better. Before Rush week even starts, sorority have a retreat where you do workshops and practice how to talk to PNMs. Sorority Secret Alert: We have already been looking up your facebook / myspace / twitter or googling you. When you signed up for sorority recruitment, you were asked if you wanted to submit a photo, well now each sorority has that too. We know the high school you went to, the GPA you...

10 Fun Activities For College Kids That Don't Require Alcohol

Anyone who's ever seen a movie about college life has been exposed to the stereotype that the university years are a sex sandwich with alcohol as the bread and studying as maybe the mustard. Just like most situations, the reality is a little less exciting than the cinematic version. However, whether you're a student finding the party scene a little slower than you expected, a non-drinker wondering how you'll find a good time, or just someone looking for a fun new activity, there are plenty of fun (and completely legal) things to do in a college setting. 1) Movie Night. Tried and true, settling down with a good movie works for any group--friends, a date, or even family. Rent a couple flicks and pop up some popcorn. Consider a comedy or awesomely bad film to keep yourself and your friends laughing. Turn the sound down and make up your own words. If you're looking for something a little more romantic, pick a more sultry movie and turn down the lights, cuddle up and enjoy. On a super- tig...

Second Hand Textbooks - Basics and Advantages

Books play a significant role in shaping a person's mentality and developing ethics. They show us direction and give us an objective to accomplish our dreams and do something great for the society, family, and ultimately ourselves. The interest for books depends largely on its price. There can be a very fascinating book that we had longed to read, but when we see its price tag at the book store, all our dreams are shattered. This happens to each one of us at-least once in a lifetime. Expensive books squeeze our interest and pull us apart from the basic ideology of surging our level of knowledge. This is when the role of second hand textbooks come into picture. Majority of times, they are available at less than half the price of a new text book. There are countless book-stores that offer used textbooks to students who can or cannot afford to buy a new one. It is not only the monetary benefits but also the environmental advantages that makes the use of second hand textbooks sig...

Sorority Lingo: How to Speak "Sorority"

If you are thinking of joining a sorority, you may want to brush up on the sorority lingo. While every campus is different, and also every house on campus is different, these terms are from my experience and will probably translate to your school's greek life also. These term's definitions may vary, but this is pretty standard use of the terms. My next factoid will have terms that are more specific to rush week! Sorority: sometimes called a "house" although this doesn't always mean the sorority has an actual house. You may also hear a sorority referred to as a "female fraternity". This is because some sororities were founded before the word "sorority" was coined. Sister: This means a girl that has been initiated into the sorority. Alumnae and pledges are also called sisters. Pledges: also called "new members" as to avoid the stigma of hazing attached with the word "pledge". These are girls who have accepted a bid, but are not yet initiated. Alumna: A girl who has been initi...

Return Policy & Shipping Prices on Bookrenter and Chegg: Which is Better?

Both Chegg and Bookrenter are great textbook rental companies. You can save a significant amount of money each semester by renting your textbooks or selling them on these sites. I tried out both last year and wanted to share my experiences with their shipping and return policies. Shipping cost Bookrenter offers free standard shipping on all your orders, which is really nice. If you want 2-day delivery it costs $3.99 + $3.99 for each additional book. Chegg charges $3.99 for standard shipping, $9.99 2nd day air, and $15.99 for next day air. Both sites ship books promptly after you order them, and my books have always arrived within the estimated delivery dates. Click here for Bookrenter's free shipping offer Return policies Chegg offers a great 30-day, no questions asked return guarantee. You just print out a pre-made label from the Chegg website, and UPS it back to the company at no charge, and your refund will be issued usually within a week. Bookrenter also allows you to...

Magic Square Made Easy

This method of creating a magic square would only be applicable for odd numbered columns and rows. You could make a 3x3 magic square, 5x5, 7x7, and so on - as long as it is an odd numbered grid. Let us first study on how to make a 3x3 magic square. To easily create a magic square, we always start by putting the number 1 in the top middle portion of the grid as shown below:   The next step in constructing the magic square is to put the next number diagonally upward to the right. This is the motion in which the numbers would be put in the grid. 2 is the next number and should be placed diagonally upward to the right of number 1. However, there is no grid in the upper right corner of the number 1. The solution to this is to put the number 2 in the next column to the right at the lowest grid that has no number written on it. Next is the number 3. Again, we should move diagonally upward to the right. However, there are no more grids to the right of number 2. The solution is ...

Sorority Recruitment: How Your Week Will Go

So maybe you have decided to sign up for recruitment, or maybe you are just curious as to how rush week works. Well here is the inside scoop from a genuine sorority veteran. If you do sign up for recruitment, you will eventually be assigned to a group of girls and two recruitment counselors. As I've said before, each campus is different and things change from year to year. But this is my knowledge of recruitment and a basic guide that can get your started. I will also tell you things from the other side of the door that you won't hear from your Recruitment Counselors (which I will call Pi Chis from now on since that's what they are called at my school). I'm not going to go into great detail about the stuff they tell you on your first day since you will hear it from your Pi Chis. There may be pre-meetings to rush week, but here is what your week will look like. Day 1: You will meet your Pi Chis and the other girls in your group. Your group will probably have a theme so you can have fu...

Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation, Grammar, and Style: Problems to Avoid in Writing Your Dissertation or Thesis

Nearly every university, and some schools and departments within the university, has specific style and formatting guidelines that graduate students must follow when preparing their dissertations or theses.  These guidelines may be included in the general guidelines for dissertations or in a separate style or formatting guide provided by the university.  In addition, most universities specify in their style/formatting guidelines the use of a publication style manual (e.g., APA, Chicago Manual of Style, MLA) for citations, bibliographies, foot/endnotes, tables, figures, headings, and other elements of publication. The basis for most of these manuals is formal, traditional American English grammar and associated elements of writing.  The following are items graduate students are most prone to overlook because in informal writing, advertising and business writing, and popular writing (novels and such), these rules are not followed rigidly.  In formal, academic writing...

11 Famous Female Celebrities Who Studied Business, Finance and Economics

These celebrities and famous people who studied business and have earned a degree in business, but pursued other careers as actors, actress, producers and other professions.  TYRA BANKS Tyra Banks is a Producer and actress.  She is the executive Producer of America’s Next Top Model and The Tyra Banks Show.  She attended Harvard Business School and received a diploma from Harvard Business School's Executive Education Program.  CATE BLANCHETT Cate Blanchett is an Australian actress.  She is known for her role in Elizabeth I, The Aviator, Lord of the Rings triology and many more films.  She studied Economics at the University of Melbourne.  TEMPESTT BLEDSOE Actress Tempestt Bledsoe is known for her role as ‘Vanessa’ in The Cosby Show.  She graduated with a Degree in Finance from New York University.  JAMIE CHUNG Jamie Chung is an actress.  She is known for her role on ‘The Real World’ on MTV.  She...

How to Begin Writing a Research Paper

Writing a research paper is a daunting task especially to a student aiming to fulfill the requirements of a college degree. One of the difficulties associated with this task is inadequate preparation or lack of appropriate knowledge and skills to undertake an investigative inquiry. Usually, students are confounded and they do not know how to begin writing a research paper. How should they be able to begin writing one? Research, upon closer scrutiny, is not really that difficult as long as one is well-equipped with a good knowledge and understanding on how it works. Hereunder are ways on how to get over this quandary. 1. Know what your interests are To begin writing a research paper, you must know those things that really interest you. Are you inclined to learn about how people behave? Or maybe, you would like to find out or discover the solution to a problem. In writing a research paper, it pays to write about things that matter to you most and can give you satisfaction. You can mak...

How to Write the Literature Review

Many college students sometimes find themselves at a loss on how to go about writing the literature review. This is partly due to their being neophytes in the field of research and partly due to their lack of knowledge on how it is being done. This article sheds light on this common encounter of the college student taking up research as a subject or in the process of developing a research topic. Why is the literature review needed? The literature review is one of the essential steps in coming up with a good research output. This step, in fact, is crucial in defining the direction of a research study. Essentially, the literature review is done by researchers to prevent duplication of work on a particular research topic. This duplication is often referred to as “reinventing the wheel” or in other words doing something which has already been done by another researcher. This leads to a waste of scarce resources like time, money, as well as effort. What is the nature of a l...

How to Write a Masters Capstone Project

How to write a Master's Capstone Project In order to write an effective and successful Capstone Project it is necessary to be prepared. There are several crucial steps and important information that should be in each Capstone, regardless of the topic of the paper or what degree one is working toward. Choose a topic: The very first thing you should do is make sure that you pick a topic. The topic can be about any approved issue that your instructor says is acceptable. You should be certain that you can find a lot of research on this topic, because a Capstone Project is a research paper. If you choose something too obscure in order to be unique, you may find that you cannot find any sources to back up what you are writing about. References: You should expect to have no less than twelve (12) references when you are writing your Capstone. The more references, the better, because you'll have more to fall back on. Most of your references should not be more than five (5) years old ...

Southern New Hampshire University Vs Strayer University

Southern New Hampshire University Southern New Hampshire University began as a college in 1932 and was turned into a university in 1963 in its charter. Since then the university has grow and now it is one of the fastest growing universities offering distance learning programs. Southern New Hampshire University Location: The main campus located in Nashua, Manchester, Portsmouth, New Hampshire and New Brunswick in Maine. Southern New Hampshire University Contacts Email: info@snhu.edu; Phone: 603.626.9100; Toll Free: 1.800.668.1249; Dial by name Directory: 603.626.9100 By Mail: Southern Ne Hampshire University, 2500 N. River Road Manchester, NH, 03106 Southern New Hampshire University Educational degrees offered for Finance Programs The university offers BS in Accounting/Finance, BS in Business Administration, M.S Finance and Accounting. Southern New Hampshire University Enrolment statistics: The University has enrolled 3908 in Manchester campus and 7700 in online programs...

Weighing the Pros and Cons of Community Colleges Vs. Universities

Decisions, decisions, decisions… Perhaps you are trying to decide whether a community college or a university is best for you, especially if you are going to be an incoming freshman soon.  Well it’s simply a matter of determining your educational needs, what you expect to accomplish from the school, your SAT or ACT scores, your GPA, and other criterion assessment, depending upon the school.  Let's take a close look at some important facts about community colleges and universities and what each has to offer so that hopefully you will be able to make a smart decision concerning your education. Community college Community colleges, also called junior colleges, are two-year schools where you can obtain either your degree in your desired discipline or a certificate. The highest degree you can receive is an Associate in Arts. However, you can transfer these classes over to a university at the completion of your program towards your bachelor's degree, provided that i...

Sorority House Director: College Career Job Description

Another name for Sorority house director is a house mother, which is given by sorority members and sorority administrators. This career job description with a national sorority can give women an intense summary to visualize employment in this unusual college career area. Sorority administrators and other sorority alumni interview propspecitve house directors before they are considered. Intense pre-employment moral, religious, political and highly personal topics are discussed for evaluation of a sorority house director. The answers to the questions are divulged through open discussion while the employers consider to hire or not. Women who choose a sorority house director job most often times will be required to live in the house on sorority row. Sorority row is a collection of college properties designated for college girls who live away from home while furthering their school education. Campus accommodations vary from a private apartment to a studio room which allow t...

Review of Chegg Book Rental Service

When you are looking to rent your text books, the online book rental company Chegg can save you time and money by letting you order your books from the convenience of your computer and get fast delivery for a reasonable price. Here is a quick overview of their service. Selection: Chegg boasts a selection of millions of text books from a wide range of subject areas including Biology, Literature, Political Science and more and of course they are continually adding new titles to their huge selection. Cost: Chegg offers text books for a rental rate that is around 60% less than the listed price. Which means you are only paying around $60 for a book that would cost you around $180 to buy. Payment Methods: Paying for your text books with Chegg is simple. They accept any debit card with the Visa or MasterCard logo and most major credit cards including MasterCard, Visa, American Express and Discover Card. Click here to see if Chegg is still running their 30-day free trial Shipping and Retu...

Chegg vs. Bookrenter: Which Has Cheaper Textbook Rentals With Better Return Policies?

So you have heard of textbook renting, and now you want to try it out. Where are you going to go to rent your textbooks? Chegg and BookRenter are two of the top textbook renting sites. Before you try to venture into textbook renting territory, check out the basics of both sites below. Chegg The first thing you want to do, if you choose to use Chegg to rent your textbooks, is create an account with them. In the top right hand corner of their home page is a row of five links. Click the ’sign up’ one and fill in the form. It asks for your email, name, the name of your university, and what your class standing is (freshman, graduate student, etc.), as well as asking you to create a password for signing into your account. Once you’ve completed that, you are good to go! Special offer: Get 11% Off Your Textbook Rental The features you get with Chegg are: Renting textbooks (they claim you can save up to 80% this way). The option to buy your textbooks, if yo...

The Truth About Sororities

There is often a ton of stigma associated with sororities and fraternities (aka Greek life). What's funny is that the negative comments I hear always come from those individuals who are not even a member of a Greek organization, so they have no evidence or actual facts to back up their commentary. As a former chapter president for two terms and a chapter adviser (the spelling of that word is intentional, because in the Greek organizations, "advisor" is male, "adviser" is female), I know first-hand the rules and regulations of sororities (FYI, fraternity rules differ from sororities). First of all, yes, there are rules. And no, they are not "Thou shalt not date a non-Greek" or something equally moronic. As a matter of fact, the most common sororities are "Panhellenic" sororities, meaning they are governed by Panhellenic. Nine times out of ten, the sororities that make the news about hazing and what have you, are "local" sororities, mean...

Must-Read Books, Plays and Stories for High School and College Students

Whether Twain or Chaucer, Lee or Hawthorne, there are some books every high school student should read, whether they are enrolled in a physical building or taught at home by a tutor, parent or instructor. Every high school student should remember that classics are classics for a reason, and what most high school students are assigned to read will typically appear again in college literature classes. Reading as many of the classics as possible will only give high school students an advantage when they reach college-level classes. Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn now stands to lose some of its authenticity by losing the N-word in its new edition, according to CNN. Although the word is used frequently in today's society, in schools, homes and public buildings, it is unacceptable. The language used in Huckleberry Finn accurately depicts the time period in which it was written: The Civil War, where slaves were still fighting for their freedom. This book depicts the unlik...

How to Declutter Your Dorm Room

If you are like most college freshmen, then your experience with a dorm room is limited. A place of residence of this type is usually incredibly small and occupied by another person as well. Sometimes you have two roommates. Sometimes you and these two other two people have to share a room made for two roommates, just because there are so many dorm dwellers. Living in this kind of situation can get awfully crowded. This means that things are going to get messy. If you are the type of person that goes crazy when the clothes end up on the floor, then here are a few steps to keeping your dorm room nice and tidy. Filing System One of the worst things you can o when you start living in a dorm is cluttering your desk. When this happens, you limit the amount of space you have to do homework and the process of cleaning can be a waste of time, since its just going to happen again. The best way to combat this is to go to your nearest office supply store and buy a small filing system. It shoul...

Best Online Textbook Rental: BookRenter vs. Chegg Review & Coupon Code

As textbook prices increase, students are trying to find better alternatives to purchasing textbooks. Some students may have difficulties buying or locating books at nearby bookstores. However, with textbook companies BookRenter and Chegg, they can make the book buying process easier for students to find and purchase books at reasonable prices.  Students now have the ability to rent their books for an inexpensive and reliable rate. Book renting sites that offer reasonable prices are convenient for students who already have enough bills to deal with. These sites can offer assistance to finally decrease the high costs students spend on books.

What is the Purpose of Feedback?

Feedback is an essential part of the learning process, but criticism can cause anxiety for many students.  Therefore, it is important to ask, what is the purpose of feeback? Students will receive written feedback on essays using a standard form. Comments are made on the content, structure and argument of your essay, as well as on presentation and use of evidence. It will also be noted whether work conforms to academic conventions regarding correct referencing and construction of bibliographies. If students require verbal feedback on their work from a member of staff then they should arrange a meeting with the relevant tutor FEEDBACK CATEGORIES Organisation, Knowledge and Understanding This section is used to make comment on the content of the work - the depth of knowledge; the extent of empirical detail; understanding of key arguments; the relevance of the content to the question. The marker is also looking at how the essay has been structured: does the way that the essay i...

How to Pass College English

Getting ready to take that first college English class? College English may seem challenging at first, but there are good reasons why that is. Good writing skills are essential in college. All your college English courses will require a lot of writing. You'll also have to write papers in most or all of your humanities classes. You'll have to write papers in psychology, and even in your science classes you'll have to write lab reports. The level of writing skill you'll be expected to meet in college is fairly high. You'll have to be able to determine a purpose or main point of each paper, and you'll have to stick to it. You'll have to explain that main point fully with further points, which you support with research and reason. You'll have to organize all your points in a logical order. And you'll be expected to write an interesting and relevant introduction and conclusion to your paper. Along with writing skills you'll need good word processing ability. Colleges by and lar...

Going Green at College: Ideas for Being Environmentally Conscious on Campus

It's hard to green-up your lifestyle when you live in somebody else's building. The big ideas we hear over and over again are about water systems, electricity sources, and building materials. But here's a hint: You can do a lot for the environment just by changing your buying habits and your lifestyle. One of the best things we can do as a culture is buy used. I don't care if it's a car or clothing-- buying used means that less of what our nation produces and consumes will end up in a landfill. This can be shopping at the local Goodwill or other used clothing store, or it can mean investing in Vintage pieces-- it depends on your personal style and budget. Other options include lobbying your school to have low-flow shower heads and faucet aerators installed in the dorm bathrooms. While you're asking, maybe they can put the overhead lights in halls and bathrooms on sensors or timers, so that energy isn't being used when nobody is in the room. If your dorm room has an individual ...

How to Write A Dissertation: Footnotes and Bibliography

Articles are more helpful if they contain a list of further reading and full acknowledgements of the sources you have used.  A full record of all sources should be kept separately during the writing of the draft and then listed in a bibliography which must be placed at the end of the article. The precise way to make entries on this list varies, however. Below are some typical examples: Douglas, M. (ed.) Rules and Meanings, Penguin, 1973. (standard text) Dilnot, C., 'The State of Design History, PART II, Problems and Possibilities', Design Issues, Vol.1, No.2, Fall 1984, pp.3-20. (article in periodical) Victoria and Albert Museum, Yves Saint Laurent, exhibition catalogue, HMSO, 1983. (exhibition catalogue) Remember also to list all archival sources, museum collections, unpublished theses or papers, etc. Footnotes have two purposes. The more common is to acknowledge the origin of all quotations and/or ideas attributable to others. The basic and simplest method is to pla...

10 Largest Public Colleges in the United States

These are the ten largest public colleges or universities in the United States based upon student enrollments from 2010 to 2011. Almost all of these public colleges have been around for well over 100 years. I'm familiar with almost all of them because I love sports, and I also know some people who attended a few of these universities. My grandfather attended one of these colleges back in the late 1890s, before he joined the army and went off to war. I used to work closely with a woman who went to and was a cheerleader at Penn State, one of the schools on the list. She was an enthusiastic Penn State fan to say the least, and a lot of fun to work with because we'd talk college sports all the time. For a few months I dated a woman who graduated from Ohio State, another school on this list. She too was unbelievably enthusiastic about her Buckeyes, among other things. Three of these colleges are in Florida, two are in Texas and the other five are in different states. 10 Largest Public Co...

What to Do if You Are on Academic Probation: 5 Steps Towards Overcoming AP into Success

Get in Gear for Fall Semester You may have had a crappy 2008-2009 school year, but do not faint, because next year can and will be better for you!  So your GPA plummeted, you got a letter or email that your school is placing you on Academic Probation because of your studies, or perhaps you partied hard last year.  Well, whatever happened, it can catch up with you. Have you had your mini-anxiety attack yet?  Chances are, you probably did.  Your parents may feel disappointed, you feel like you have failed everyone,  and most of all, you feel like you wasted money. The good thing about it is, academic probation is a "WAKE UP CALL"!  You have to prove the university that you are worth the investment, they admitted you into this school for a distinct reason, because of your academic abilities and to get an education.  Roll up your sleeves, wipe your tears, cancel the pity-party, and get to work.  These are 5 awesom...

Living Simply While in College.

To live simply in college can be a difficult challenge, though it can be very rewarding. A minimalist lifestyle can help you focus more on school, live a healthier life with less stress, make college more enjoyable, and help you succeed in higher education. Start by establishing things that matter in your life; these are the things you will focus on, while eliminating distractions and diversions. Here is a list of distractions/diversions that might be making your life more difficult. Cooking and eating out Messy dorm or apartment Homework (it seriously is a roadblock sometimes) The remainder of this Factoid will be focused on eliminating those distractions in order to allow more time and effort to be spent on the things that matter. Another Factoid will follow to outline how to make the best of your time focusing on the important things in life. Distraction #1: Cooking and eating out Cooking can take forever, eating out can get expensive and be unhealthy. So...

Chegg vs Cengage Brain

The high price of books and the general cost of buying educational material have skyrocketed. Therefore, innovative ways have been found to ease the stress and the financial burden of purchasing educational books. The consumer faces the problem of which one to choose, as not only do you have to look at the reputation of the site from which you are purchasing your books, but you also have to look at the cost associated with purchasing or renting books from these sites. The simple fact is that there are risks to purchasing or renting books which you have not seen, as you are unaware of the exact condition of the books. Therefore, consumers must do their due diligence for each website which they choose, which is a risk associated purchasing books online.

How to Survive A Boring Class

In College, there are a lot of professors who could really make your stay memorable. There are professors who could really teach well and not just recite the same things all over again. They don't just talk to their students; they communicate. They are interactive and they want students to also give them insights because they also learn from students. They want the students to understand, and they do that very well. Of course, not all teachers are like this. There are professors who blab stuff that are perhaps true but rather very irrelevant. There are teachers who could relate seemingly irrelevant issues to real life, but there are some who just let these issues stay irrelevant and distant. The result? Their classes are boredom's lair, and that is what students dread the most. However, students are only given a certain number of allowable cuts. They are very limited, indeed, so they have to make their way around attendance or just cut all they want. They might as well drop the boring ...

Easy to Comprehend Tip on How to Write a Scientific Paper

Writing a scientific paper can be a challenge to both graduate and undergraduate students as well as those individuals who are compelled to write such as the faculty members of an academic organization. Many universities require students, especially those in the graduate level, to undertake research as one of their major activities to equip them with knowledge and skills in discovering new things that will help society in general. Faculty members in an organization are coerced, motivated and sometimes threatened just so they will be able to write scientific articles of professional significance as part, not only of their professional advancement, but also to help enhance knowledge imparted to their students. The findings reported in a scientific paper add to the pool of knowledge in society. Ultimately, the information provided by scientific papers provides a solid foundation for a nation's advancement in various fields of endeavor, particularly the generation of new technology applic...

Assessment Criteria for Presentations

Presentations will be assessed by tutors according to the following criteria: 1. Structure: There should be an introduction to the presentation, including an outline of what is to be covered, an explanation of how the presentation will logically progress in terms of building information and analysis, and a summary. 2. Presentation delivery: The delivery should be clear and the various components of the presentation linked together. Avoid simply reading out an essay. You may well rely on a script or prompt but remember you need to maintain the interest of the audience. Try to maintain eye contact with people in the room and avoid speaking too quickly 3. Clarity and relevance of visual aids. 4. Keeping to the time frame: The presentation should be within the specified time frame. You will be stopped if the presentation exceeds the limit by too much. It is advisable therefore to have a practice run beforehand. First Class (70% and above) • A high standard is demonstrated i...

Presentation Skills

Giving a presentation is an important academic skill. Properly approached, a presentation should enable you to develop a deeper learning of your subject and to acquire valuable transferable skills for future employment. PRESENTATION STRUCTURE A good presentation will identify and discuss the main issues/arguments surrounding the topic. Don’t assume you have to cover everything. The key to a good presentation is selectivity. Avoid information overload, as too much depth or technical detail means that your audience may lose concentration. A focus on the main areas of debate should encourage the whole group to enter into discussion following the presentation and you should aim at giving them the information they need to do this. MAKING A PRESENTATION Decide how you are going to introduce the presentation and how you are going to emphasise your key points. Simple and well laid out visual aids can be used to good effect to introduce and emphasise key points, present statistical da...

College Life Debates

For some of us an opportunity to debate is accelerating and for others, it’s a moment of complete exhaustion. Either way there is a certain amount of preparation that needs to be done for a worthy debate. Debates are about doing the research understanding both sides of the argument, accepting both views in order to be able to present a winning argument. Always be sure that the research information is from a reliable resource to validate the argument. Dig deep for relevant facts that others may overlook or simply fail to locate. A knowledgeable debate audience knows the basics so uncovering facts that are not commonly known can sway the opposition building confidence to your argument. Always be prepared for a rebuttal, be ready to respectfully respond with trustworthy information. Debaters have social mannerisms, which require a demonstration of respect for the other debater, followed by imposed rules and delivering reliable information. Once you’ve delivered your side of ...

Weighing Your Options Between Student Loans or Scholarship

The rising cost of education has always been an issue that everyone is aware of, whether one is rich or poor. This is not, however, a major threat for students intending to acquire a college education but are incapable of meeting the expenses. The reason behind this is there are two choices available for them. They can either apply for scholarship programs or apply for student loans. With a scholarship, the monetary award given for the student’s educational expenses, need not be repayed monetarily. With the student loan, the money that the student borrowed will have to be paid, including the interests incurred, after some time. Both options has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is advisable to take a closer look at each one before deciding to choose between the two. Scholarships Thousands of scholarships are available annually. Some programs have systems that depend on to the financial needs of the student. When a student avails of this, he or she need not worry ...

Challenges of Studying Abroad

Challenges of living in foreign environments with different cultures and traditions, while being immersed in academics are part of studying abroad and for most students it is a learning experience filled with adventure. If you have already chosen the country and location, you need to do some research on the area, for housing, food and transportation systems and population status.  Talk with someone who is familiar with the area, the information will help to make your trip a cherished memory. Most academic programs have information about the academic rules and laws in the area. For your own safety in a foreign country, read the rules for studying abroad, and stay out of trouble. No matter where students reside, a budget needs to be established for daily necessities and a few unexpected situations or emergencies. Meet with academic staff and be sure to have all course work and materials ready, and get your school schedules and any interactive field or ...

RUTGERS UNIVERSITY - Original Colonial College

Rutgers University continues to provide the highest standard of education to over 56,000 students attending the three campuses. As one of the original colonial colleges, its long standing traditions have made Rutgers part of the American dream in the pursuit of an education. Today, Rutgers academics offer over 180 recognized programs and degrees sustaining diverse philosophies and public policies built on foundations of the arts and sciences. Leading scholars present seminars supplementing an international MBA program abroad. Education As a public research university, admission competition continues to grow with Rutgers raising the bar for students interested is pursuing careers and further education in fields of arts and sciences. The undergraduate students attending Rutgers rank in the top 25 percent of their graduating high school classes. Graduates comprise over 14,000 students and professionals seeking to complete their education in research studies and professional academics....

Students with Test Anxiety

By Jeramie L Bizzle As a student, you may experience a lot of stressful things in your life, but no matter what you still take the time out to get your home work and studying done. But it's when you get to class and your teacher says that “You will be have a test next week” all those hours of studying and the things you learned from your homework goes out the window. For most students, test anxiety is common, but it's important to know what is it that triggers the anxiety.  According to mathacademy.com, anxiety can be a disabling condition that causes humiliation, resentment and also panic. Some things that play into this condition includes self doubt, frustration and nervousness. It is known by many professors in a college setting that students sit and stare at a test or exam for a long period of time before they pick of their pencil to begin, because to them, the word itself test can be a meaning of difficulty. One popular subject where this is seen is in a ma...

Bookrenter.com Review and Coupon Code

If you want to save money this semester, you should try renting your textbooks. Compared to buying and selling them the traditional way, renting your textbooks can save you a few hundred bucks per semester. After doing the math and comparing vs. buying, i figured out last semester that I saved over $400 by renting my books. I've rented on three different sites, but my favorite is Bookrenter. Largest selection of books Bookrenter has the biggest selection of books, I found every book I needed on their site, vs. having to search around and call customer service when using other sites. Bookrenter has 3 million books in stock, compared to 1.2 million for one of the leading competitors. Free shipping Bookrenter gives you free shipping on all your orders. Other textbook rental sites require you to pay for standard shipping. Free shipping is nice, because sometimes it takes me 2 or 3 shopping sessions to figure out and find all the books I need. When you don't have to pay for shippin...

How to Write Successful Essays

It takes skill to write a good essay – one that will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a subject. But it is a skill that can be learned and developed and one that will make your work easier and more productive. It’s good to approach your essay in an organised way, following certain recognised steps. Make sure you really understand the question and understand what the question is asking you to do. This involves looking not only at the keywords, which will give you an indication of the subject areas you are meant to tackle, but also the instructional words, which tell you what you are expected to do in the essay and other terms, which give you further information about the scope of the essay. Plan an introduction, main body of the essay and a conclusion. Sequence your argument in a logical way and guide your reader through the themes and arguments in the essay. Make connections between points and try and link ideas in a natural progression. The following struct...

Your College Electronics Essentials: What Gadgets You Need to Survive

Nowadays, electronics are an integral part of our education. The two are intertwined and it is impossible to complete high school, let alone college, without the use of a computer. And why would you want to? Electronics are practical but also fun and help you manage your time better as well as the endless other benefits that come along with them. Whether you’re moving into a dorm or apartment or simply just need to update your technological situation, here are some things that will be necessary during your stay in upper division education. And also a few fun suggestions to make things easier. Laptops are great because they are portable and can store just as much information as a desktop. Most schools will suggest a laptop but if you can’t afford to upgrade from your desktop, that will work just as well. The advantage of having a laptop is that you can take it to class to take notes on or if you need to give a presentation, many classrooms are set up so that all you h...

Best Public Veterinary Schools In The United States

Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Fort Collins, Colorado Champion cyclist Lance Armstrong brought his young Labrador here when the pup required open heart surgery to replace a faulty valve. The late Steve Irwin, Australia’s energetic conservationist nicknamed the “crocodile hunter” for his important work catching and relocating crocodiles to protect the species, visited CSU’s vet school to observe top veterinarians at work and learn from them. Many other luminaries have come here either for medical services for their pets or to learn about state-of-the-art techniques in veterinary practice. Colorado State’s exceptional vet program also attracts hundreds of applicants each year who aspire to become doctors of veterinary medicine. According to U.S. News & World Report, the veterinary program at CSU is the third best in the nation. Offering plenty of opportunities beyond the classroom, including hands-on...

How to Get a 4.0 GPA in College

Most often, common advice tends to make the same superficial points about how to succeed in school: study tediously and don't procrastinate. The truth is that a few small secrets exist that can take the pain and inefficiency out of the matter. Many students get involved in school activities, join study groups and clubs, fuel discussion through the whole class period, and generally give their life up to academia. Here is how you can be a relatively normal person and obtain an A in every class without undertaking the stress of a lifetime. 1.) Use Cramming to Your Advantage Cramming is universally frowned upon as an academic blunder; however, cramming can be used productively. Instead of choosing to either study consistently or cram twenty chapters in one day before the test, try a little of both. You don't have to study every day, but you should always read each chapter or assignment once. Cram for one whole day before a test but get at least 7 hours of sleep. 2.) Use the Three Day Me...

How to Write an Academic Journal Critique

Once you get out of high school and into higher level education you will likely find that your professors ask you to locate an article written, verified, and reviewed for factual accuracy.  This kind of article is called a 'peer-reviewed' article and can make or break an academic factual paper. As you begin your academic writing you should also know that you may be required to critique those same articles.  The following items should be included in all journal article critiques in order to fully explain your choice of the article and why it would help or not help you with your own research. Remember that this paper is a critique.  You are not writing a book report, but rather are writing a summary of the article, what you appreciated in it and what could use more work, more information, or better explanations.  You do not have to be brutal, but if you find problems this is the format in which to address those problems. Abstract The abstract is like a little mi...

College Book Renter: Detailed Review & Working Promo Code

College Book Renter is the newest text book rental company. Based in Murray, Kansas, College Book Renter was founded in 2007 and is growing by leaps and bounds. Why? The company specializes in bargain basement prices. They rent textbooks which at up to 85% less than new prices, and offer free shipping on all your orders. Read on to see where College Book Renter beats the competition and where it falls short. Activate your 10% off coupon store-wide at College Book Renter Sell your used textbooks College Book Renter pays fair prices for your old books, so if you have a bunch of books to unload, you can simply ship them to College Book Renter, using their prepaid Fedex sticker. They'll receive and inspect them, and then send you a PayPal payment for the value of your books. I sold a bunch of my books last semester and got back $218 - not bad for a bunch of books I won't use anymore. The types of books you can sell: Student edition textbooks Laboratory manuals, study guides, and so...

"Education Tips: Getting Your Child Ready for College During Their Senior Yearâ??

High school graduations are happening across the United States. Now, the juniors are poised to take their place as the mighty seniors. While being a senior is a cool thing, the question emerges as to whether they are ready to take their rightful place in the college of their choice in one year’s time. For parents, they begin to panic early. For some reason around this time of year, many parents look at their child across the table and think: “Oh my, he is going to be a senior this coming year. We aren’t ready for this!” Parents, do not panic. Here are some education tips you may want to discuss with your soon-to-be seniors before you totally panic. Plus, you parents who have students transitioning from 8th grade to 9th ought to listen up because it would be wise for you to begin thinking about these things now and begin working on them right away. Scholarships/Financial Aid—Most, if not all, parents worry about financial aid because the cost of a colle...

Studying Tips

Tests are often a very stressful component to every student’s life. Here are some tips to help students to study properly, and to get the most out of their efforts. Study With the Television Off Many people will say that they work better with the TV on, but it’s not true. Less is always accomplished with multi-tasking, and a person’s attention can only be on one thing at a time. If the TV is going, you’re not paying attention to your work. Do Not Cram the Night Before It is much better to learn material evenly over time. Cramming the night before is very ineffective, because your brain will not retain much of the information that you reviewed. You need time to put the information to use. Eat a Good Breakfast Even if you are someone who doesn’t normally eat breakfast, chowing down before a test will help to give you some extra brain power. It’ll also help you shake off that early morning fatigue. Get Lots of Sleep I’m serious! Stayin...

Bookbyte Review & Latest Working Coupon Code

If you're looking to sell your old textbooks or buy new ones at a discount, Bookbyte is a good option. Like some of the other leading textbook rental sites, Bookbyte rents books at up to 90% off the list price, and will ship your books to you for free. You can also sell your old books to Bookbyte for some extra cash. What's the difference between Bookbyte and the other textbook sites? Activate your 20% student discount at BookByte now High prices for your old books Bookbyte offers higher sell prices than many other textbook stores. Here are some example prices they are currently offering: Biology, by Campbell, 8th Edition (ISBN: 9780321543257) - They will pay you: $70.25 Calculus: Early Transcendentals, by Stewart, 6th Edition (ISBH: 9780495011668) - They will pay you: $87.25 Chemistry: The Central Science, by Brown, 11th Edition (ISBN: 9780136006176) - They will pay you: $70.00 Benjamin Cummings Biology: Concepts and Connections, by Campbell, 6th AP Edition (IS...

Best Ways to Save Money on Your College Textbooks

If you don’t know by now, college textbooks are not cheap...especially if you purchase them new.  If you plan to enroll as a full-time student, keep in mind that you can expect to pay approximately $250.00 or more for each book.  And depending upon your major, you can expect to pay even more.  You should also remember that your textbook expenses will continue every semester…and will subsequently add up over time. However, there are some practical ways in which you can reduce the cost of your textbooks if you are willing to take the time to do so. Considering all of your other educational expenses, cutting the cost of your textbooks will be less of a financial burden on you.  Listed below some of the best ways for saving money on your college textbooks.  Though…bear in mind that you will need to get a jump-start on these tips early.  Once you have learned what classes you will be taking, you should find out which textbooks you will need ...

Which Colleges Offer Non-credit Courses for Free

For those that are lifelong learners, are trying to continue their education without the cost, or just enjoy learning new things by taking non-credit college courses, there are a variety of programs through universities and community colleges. Many schools have non-credit courses that will let you take classes for free. Some of the classes are completely online with notes, lectures, audio and video, some are at a physical location, and others are a hybrid. Non-credit means that you cannot count the class towards a degree or receive any credits for it. This article details which colleges provide this service and what kind of classes you can find. MIT (Massachusettes Institute of Technology) MIT offers over 2,100 university courses for free online for non-credit. Some of these classes include Introduction to Computer Science and Programming, Physics, Chemistry, Thermal Energy, The Society of Mind, Bioethics, Writing on Contemporary Issues, Classics of Chinese Culture, Introduction to A...

University of California Davis: One of the Best College Universities in America

University of California schools are known for their prestige, academic programs, research accomplishments, and successful students. UC Davis is no exception to this description. Not only does this university have a fair admission rate, great programs, and a modest tuition price, but it is surrounded by one of the best communities and people in America. Take a look at just a few of the unique reasons that sets UC Davis apart from the rest. Firstly, the college houses itself upon the largest campus in the entire UC system, stretching 5,500 acres across two counties. It is one of only two UC’s with a nuclear lab and fire department. It is the only UC with an airport. It is also the home of the famous Mondovi Center which welcomes symphony orchestras and other culture-rich events and performances. Students enjoy transportation around the campus with Unitrans which consists of double decker buses characteristic of London’s public transportation. The university is the 14th l...

How To Manage Time

College life is not always about freedom. A lot of people would think that college is all about being free, and being able to do anything because parents are not around to look over them. Unfortunately, college is not just fun and games.Students have academics on their hand, and organizations on the other -- and we're not talking about simple homeworks that we usually do in high school. We have long term papers that professors actually take time to read. We have thesis papers that have to be unique and very logical, and if possible, without loopholes. We have projects that cannot be crammed, and if ever they are crammed, they'd never get past that C mark. Organizational works aren't just attending talks or seminars or parties, either. We're talking about planning events, calling up sponsors, lots and lots of paper works, reserving venues, and getting people to actually participate. In college, we do everything, and our professors are just there to simply guide us, and then leave us on ...

College Life: Important Out-of-Classroom Experiences

Probably one of the greatest strengths of the college experience is the variety of formal and informal extracurricular activities available. Some of these will be additional learning activities, some devoted to various causes, some recreational. Some student groups are social groups, such as fraternities and sororities. A wide variety of political and religious groups exist, as well as groups dedicated to many other causes. There are groups for various ethnic identities. If you are especially interested in some kind of activity like chess, or debating, or writing poetry, you can probably find a club to join. Most colleges have some kind of intercollegiate athletics. Probably all of them have some kind of intramural athletics. Campus students will put on concerts, plays, and other events that need spectators as much as they need performers. There may be some kind of concert and/or lecture series that brings in outside artists, scholars, and celebrities. Informally, students have a ch...

Essential Guidelines for College Students on Campus Safety

College life can be an exciting era for meeting new friends, learning new things, and joining various social clubs. In general, one may not take time to ponder how things have changed over the years. There was a time when you could feel safe on college campuses without having to fear for your safety. You would rarely heard of theft, (with the exception of petty theft), brutal physical assault, or other gruesome crimes on college campuses.  But that has changed.  More and more crimes have been reported on college campuses and the immediate surroundings. Some fellow students unfortunately are guilty of the minority of the incidents and the others are accomplished by outside perpetrators who case the area looking for the right opportunity to steal, commit murder, or physically assault innocent victims.  They are watching to catch individuals off guard and oblivious of their surroundings.  We should also keep in mind that nowadays people have more valuable possessions s...

Why You Should Join a Sorority

Hello Readers! My name is Suzy Sorority and this is my first factoid! I am a senior and ever since my freshman year I have been in a sorority. I went through recruitment, or "rushed" (we no longer call it "rush" or "rush week" or "rushing" so it is not confused with hazing), my freshman year. I was a scared freshman in a huge university and painfully shy and quiet. I left a big group of friends in high school and I was also very homesick. Although I like my roommates and did well in class, I wanted to meet more people and do more things at college. Although I was hesitant, I dragged my roommate (who did not end up joining for other reasons) to a house and went to my first "party" (these are not like regular parties though. Think tea time with grandma rather than beer pong and frat guys). Now fast forward three years and here I sit at my room in the sorority house. I got a bid from that sorority and now me and my best friend, also a senior, live in the best room in the house and I ha...

How to Succeed in College

So you’re in college now. Everyone is friendly enough but the whole experience is a bit intimidating. Most of your friends from high school have moved on to their own college adventure and you’re left here, holding your own. How can you possibly make it through college without completely wasting your time? If you’re a serious student and have a desire to make it through, with good grades, it means some serious study time! A rule to follow when signing up for those longer class periods is to judge study time with a rule of at least 2 to 3 hours of study for each 15 credit hours of class. Incorporated with that time spent in class, and not when you may have fallen asleep to the sounds of the boring professor’s voice, is about 45 to 60 hours per week spent on academic work. This is about the time you will spend once you move on into the work realm. If you work and go to school, you will have to be careful when budgeting your time. Give yourself plenty of s...

7 Practical Reasons Why You Should Attend a Community College

Unfortunately, community colleges have gotten a bum rap over the years because of the stigma- they lack the effectiveness to academically prepare students for a rewarding career and so on...  However, many successful professionals started out a community college.  Nowadays, community colleges are filled to the capacity with students who are eager to complete their educational requirements/and or earn an associate's degree. The admissions departments have been very busy these days trying to accommodate the thousands of prospective students who want to register with a particular community college. Many students will start at a community college for their first two years, but will continue further to attain their bachelor’s degree and higher from a University or other four-year institution.  For many individuals, community college is an alternative to the more expensive four-year university. With the prices of tuition and room and board constantly going up, and being ...

The Oregon Duck

Football season is almost over again, for another year.  Coming to the forefront of teams has been the Oregon Ducks, ranking at number one in the country. The games have been amazing this year.  The cheerleaders at the top of their game.  The fans are going wild.  The town has turned green and yellow.  People have bled Oregon's colors.  Parties have manifested in every corner of Eugene.  It's been an exciting thrill ride, one we hope to see time and time again.  Above all the points scored, cheerleaders cheers and prompts, fans signs and "O's", we have been witness to the viral explosion of the Oregon mascot, Puddles the Duck.  Waddling his way into fame this year, right along with the team, Puddles has been the talk of the town and the ESPN sports shows.  Donning a green and yellow sailor shirt and hat, Puddles completes one pushup per point scored by the Oregon team.  This year, the poor Duck's feathers have been ruf...

Where Can College Students Find Seasonal and Summer Jobs

As a college student the number one challenge is money.   While some students may receive financial support from family, many students face the challenges of paying for their own education. If you are looking for a summer job but  unsure where to start, or wanting to do something different than working  in retail or at a fast food restaurant; here are some suggestions on where to look for your next summer job.   College or University Career Center When looking for a job or internship, the first place you should start your search is at your college or university career center.  Here the staff can help you find potential job and internship leads, improving your resume, interview skills, and help with networking.  Theme Park Character Are you a theatre or acting major who enjoys singing, dancing, and putting a smile on children’s faces?  Why not try being a theme park character?  Check your local or nearest theme parks ...

Career Planning for College Students

The successful college student is not always successful after graduation. Your senior year is too late to start thinking about career planning. Potentially, everything you experience in college contributes to planning a career, not just what courses you take. The obvious question, "what can I do with a major in _____?" is not a good place to start career planning. Many college students change theirs at least once by the time they graduate. Many college graduates wind up in a career that may be unrelated to it. Meet some of my own classmates and acquaintances: LB and DJ both changed major twice between freshman year and graduation. Frankly, neither could pass the basic classes in their first choices. PG, on the other hand, chose computer science, thinking it would make it easier to find a good paying job. Her heart wasn't in it, so she changed to theater, her first love. As a college student, she spent as much time on career planning as she did on her classes and plays. BD ...

College Application Resume

When entering college, resume is not a common requirement. However, there are some universities that require new college students to showcase their academic accomplishments and what they are capable of doing for their college education. The following are the contents of college application resume: personal data and information, skills, education information, extra-curricular activities, achievements and honors, personal statement or brief purpose and work experience or employment record, if any. When you fill-up your college application form, carefully read the direction first as different colleges expect different sections or different formats for the resume. Consider the following as your guide when preparing a college application resume: In the heading section, type your name, home address, telephone number and your e-mail address. For your name, you can use a much bigger font size. The rest of the content in the resume should be 12 point font size consistently. Write your biogr...

The Study of Latin: A Benefit to Your College Career

The study of Latin will benefit every student. Many people say that it is a dead language, useless anywhere in the world, and a waste of time. I disagree. The Study of Latin will provide many benefits to any student who undertakes it. In these five areas Latin will give you an advantage: other languages, literature, art and architecture, history, and law. 1. Studying Latin would help you in all the other Romance languages. French, Spanish, and Italian are closely related to Latin. The study of Latin is beneficial to English in several ways also even though English is a Germanic language. Many English words are derived from Latin roots. The study of Latin improves understanding of English grammar in regard to noun cases, the use of adverbs, and agreement of nouns and verbs in relation to number. 2. In the study of Latin you will be introduced to the literature of the Latin masters such as Sophocles, Ovid, and Homer. The Renaissance writers such as Shakespeare and Chaucer drew from the...

How to Give a Presentation

Giving a seminar presentation is a part of the teaching and learning strategies employed by universities. Properly approached a presentation should enable you to develop both a deeper learning of your subject as well as acquiring valuable transferable skills for future employment (being able to present your ideas and projects effectively is an important part of being a designer). PRESENTATION STRUCTURE A good presentation will identify and discuss the main issues/arguments surrounding the topic. Don’t assume you have to cover everything. The key to a good presentation is selectivity. Avoid information overload as too much depth or technical detail means that your audience may lose concentration. A focus on the main areas of debate should encourage the whole group to enter into discussion following the presentation and you should aim at giving them the information they need to do this. Once you have identified the key themes/ideas/arguments you wish to explore and collected...

How To Do In-Text Citation in MLA Formatting

Formatting a research paper in MLA can be challenging, and one of its bigger hurdles is in-text citation.  So let’s walk through the whole process, and then it won’t seem so intimidating. First, it helps a lot to understand why you use sources in a research paper.  As you know, in a research paper you generally have to express an opinion, which becomes the main point of your paper.  For example, your subject may be World War I, and your main point may be “the United States should not have entered World War I.”  Now let’s face it, you and I are not experts on World War I, or not me, anyway.  So you need some helpers to come and back you up.  These helpers are scholars and historians who’ve spent their whole careers studying World War I and they know what they’re talking about.   And they all say that the United States should not have entered World War I.  These very accommodating experts are your so...

Best Textbook Website Review and Coupons: AbeBoooks vs. Textbook Stop

Students usually live to a tight budget and one financial problem that they can face is the cost of course materials, such as textbooks.  A student will have to decide whether they wish to buy the book new or used or take an alternative route and rent the textbooks that they need to complete their studies.  AbeBooks and Textbook Stop are two sites that offer different options for purchasing or renting textbooks.  Here is a comparative review of the two sites, the pros and cons of each, the rental or purchasing options that they offer and some information about pricing on the different sites.

Top Ten Items Needed by College Students

College is one if the hardest things in the world, when it comes to knowing what to bring with you. This can be especially true for the person who is going to experience college for the first time. It is very important to have the essentials handy and be prepared for one of the biggest journeys of your life. Here are a couple of things that are considered to be very important as a college student. The number one most important item for a college student is of course, a laptop computer. There is nothing worse in the world for a student to have a paper due and no way to get it done. Laptops are the easiest choice for college students, due to the fact they are easy to carry and in many cases, cheaper. The second most important iteml for a college student is, a printer for the thousands of papers they will eventually have due. Having your own printer is something that makes college life a lot easier. You can print from the comfort of your own home or dorm room ...

The Bachelors Degree: How to Start and Finish It Successfully

Probably the best foundation for success in college is to do well in high school. People with mediocre achievements in high school do get admitted to college, but they often have to take remedial courses. Students who need more than one remedial course hardly ever even finish at a two-year college, let alone earn a bachelors. (If you goofed off through high school and did poorly, that does not mean all is lost. It should not be hard to find stories of people who started college from a place as bad as where you are or worse, turned their life around, and earned not only a degree but a new outlook on life. Don't give up. Look for role models.) It also helps to take a personal inventory while still in high school. You need to know your skills and weaknesses, what kinds of subjects you enjoy and what kinds you don't, and, generally speaking, what gets you excited. You can't plan your whole career path in high school, but you can identify a general idea of what you want and choose accordi...

4 Things to Consider When Choosing a College

If you are thinking about entering college for the first time, or if you are planning on returning back to school, you really should choose a learning institution that concentrates in the field of your desired career major.  Keep in mind that some schools are favorably recognized for providing a quality education and for its selection of degree programs and thus meet the needs of prospective students more than others. There are so many colleges to choose from, but you will need to apply to an accredited college that offers a degree or certificate in your desired discipline. You should also take into account the cost of your education and the distance you will need to travel as well. Finding any college is easy but selecting the most suitable college will take time and thorough research. Here are beneficial tips for choosing a college that is right for you. Your major 1. What are you planning to major in?  This is important in that you want to make sure that you apply to a...

Best Engineering Schools In The United States

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) The Jacobs School of Engineering at UCSD in La Jolla, California – an oceanfront community just north of San Diego – is ranked highly by a number of organizations and publications. In 2011, U.S. News& World Report named it the 7th top engineering school in the nation among public universities. Of special note is the school’s department of bioengineering, which comes in 1st place in the U.S. for biomedical engineering, according to the 2010 National Research Council (NRC) rankings. Internationally, UCSD’s engineering school is considered the 9th best overall, according to the 2010 High Impact Universities Ranking. Known as a top research school, it offers undergraduate and graduate programs leading to degrees in several engineering disciplines including aerospace, chemical, computer, electrical, environmental, mechanical and structural. Oregon State University (OSU) This public university in Corvallis, Oregon, abo...

Education in Law

If you care considering practicing law in the USA, there are three levels of law education that need to be completed depending on the type of practice you are going to enter.  The first is a degree of Juris Doctor (J.D,) its referred to as a Bachelor of Law, the second is the Master of Laws (LL.M.) and the highest is a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.).  Students must complete the first levels of education to be able to enroll into the next level and to legally practice law, the student must complete the law course perquisites and pass the bar exam. CLP There's Certificate in Legal Practice (CLP) which allows the holder to work in a legal environment. Generally, the responsibilities are supportive within the legal profession and understanding legal terminologies, communications and interacting with legal offices between law enforcement, the courts or security firms. This level of education takes two years of study associa...

How to Prepare for the Quantitative Portion of the Gre

The Quantitative portion of the GRE is comprised of basic high school to college level mathematics as in Algebra, Geometry, and Trigonometry. This portion of the test will be approximately 45 minutes and comprises three sections: Comparison, Interpretive, and multiple choice. A few things that are general to all of the Quantitative portion are: Draw a diagram, Trust a diagram drawn to scale, exaggerate or change a diagram, add a line to a diagram, subtract to find shaded regions, don’t do more than you must, pay attention to units, and systematically make lists. Draw a diagram as often the GRE diagrams are not to scale and meant to trick your eye. Trust your diagram if you drew it to scale. When you exaggerate or change a diagram some things become far more apparent. Adding a line can often make a confusing diagram into two less confusing diagrams. i.e. four triangles rather than a polygon. Often you are asked for a certain shaded regions area, if it is a part of a whole...

Create a Balance Between College and Your Social Life

College is challenging since you have to do lots of things with not much time. There are numerous people that aren't just students, they also have to work and support their family. College is often very stressful due to the massive amounts of one's time it will require mixed with work as well as other activities. Prioritizing, planning and performing are three important rules for almost any college student and whoever masters them will have success and organize their time proficiently. Prioritizing your activities is extremely important for any university student. People regularly make themselves believe something is much more essential that it really is. Our activities fall under three different groups: gotta-do's, should-do's, and want-to-do's. The gotta-do's are items like going to class, go to work, finish your school project, study for a final, etc. These are the most significant and always come first. Anything else is either a should-do or just a want-to-do. It is really esse...

Save a Few Bucks and a Few Trees by Renting Your Text Books Online

One of the most costly and troublesome parts of being a student is the trouble and expense of buying your text books. You can spend hours searching all over the book store for the books that you need, then wait in line with what feels like two tons of books just to end up paying hundreds of dollars for your books. But there is a better, and more environmentally friendly solution that can save you time and money. By renting your text books online you are eliminating the number of books that need to be in circulation each semester which helps to impact the number of trees endangered for printing while at the same time bringing you substantial savings of 60% to 80% while saving yourself the time and hassle of the lines in the book store. When it comes to renting text books online you have a few great choices including Book Renter and Chegg text book renting services. Here is a brief overview of both services: Book Renter Overview: BookRenter.com is a certified Green company, b...

How to Prepare for the Gre Test Taking Experience

There are few things that one can do to prepare for the anxiety that one often has while performing tasks that will effect so many facets of life. Taking the GRE or Graduate Record Exam can easily cause such stresses. A person is able to sign up for and take the GRE once every three months… for most this is a moot point, but remember when you are trying to apply to graduate schools as this may be a point to remember. If you have to take the GRE twice, as the first was unsatisfactory, there is a limit. One thing anyone can and should do is be prepared for the fact that the GRE is now taken on a computer, get used to the use of a keyboard and mouse rather than a pencil and bubbles. This is all because the GRE learns as you go, it progressively gets harder and perhaps easier as you answer correctly and incorrectly respectively. This is why the GRE is now adaptive. Adaptation in the GRE means a few things that should be kept in mind. The beginnings of any given section will ...

Preparing for Your First Year of College Life

First year of college life for some is the first move away from home comforts and familiar surroundings.  It can be exciting and scary, while exercising your independence.  Time to try out your own wings, striving to meet the expectations of academic success and college life hurdles in front of you. Things to Remember You came to college to get an education and a degree.  This phase of education costs thousands of dollars to attend, don't take it for granted, go to class.  It is now up to you to prepare, attend and receive commendable grades to maintain your academic standings. Depending on your choice of careers, your performance is crucial for getting an internship or letter of recommendation from your professors. Be kind to yourself when selecting your class schedules. You know your habits better than anyone, so if you are a late sleeper schedule your classes accordingly. Join a Group Become part of ...

How To Write a Thesis Statement

Whether you’re a student of English or not, you know what a thesis statement is – or, at least you’ve heard of it. At some point, everyone has to create one, and it may feel intimidating to do so since teachers put great emphasis on these small sentences. So what is a thesis statement? A thesis statement is a sentence that tells your reader exactly what your paper is about. It is your paper’s driving force. It is a guide for your reader to follow and refer back to. It is your, the writer’s, interpretation of the paper’s subject. For example: Don’t simply tell your reader that the paper is about a particular poem – tell the reader what you’re going to do with that poem (i.e., are you analyzing it or comparing it to another piece of work?). A paper without a thesis statement is a paper without a focus and vice versa. When your thesis is intact, your entire paper will, not only flow better, but will be tightly held together. Coming ...

Researching Local History

This guide offers useful techniques for researching local history.  It focuses on the history of Sunderland in North East England, using this as a case study. The guide explains research methods used by local historians and suggests some of the most useful primary and secondary sources available. It takes time to build up research skills, but here are a few useful tricks of the trade. Where should I look? Sunderland has several public and private archives open to researchers. Good starting points are: ? Sunderland City Library and Art Gallery ? Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens ? Sunderland Antiquarian Society ? Living History North East at the Donnison School Sources: Primary and Secondary Historical sources are divided into two broad types: primary and secondary. Primary sources are documents or artefacts that were produced at the time under study or by the person in question. They can be understood as first-hand accounts. Examples of primary sources include: ? ...

How to Organise Your Written Work

Always ensure that your answer is structured in a logical and coherent manner with a clear introduction. It will help you greatly if you prepare an essay plan before you begin to write. 'Stream of consciousness' is not a suitable technique for writing essays! In your plan sketch out, in outline or note form, how the discussion will proceed and how your conclusions are directly linked with your individual arguments. Preparing a draft first copy, and subsequent revision will help to keep your work tightly structured. RESEARCH EFFORT Your essay should be based upon a grasp of the relevant contextual material. This will come from your basic preparation and wider critical reading. Essays cannot be written from lecture notes or a single textbook. WRITING AN INTRODUCTION Perhaps the most important - and difficult - part of an essay is the introduction. It is your first opportunity to impress (or depress!) the marker and is usually the key to a successful essay. While there is...

Five Ways to Enhance Your College Career

I am now a sophomore in college, and being a fraternity member of Lambda Chi Alpha, I cannot wait for the next semester to start. Bidding season will soon begin, and I am constantly on the lookout for finding new brothers. Over the last two years, I have been constantly involved on campus, to not only help out my resume but to have a great time as well. Here are some ways I was able to do it. Get Involved! – This is possibly your most essential step in having a positive college career. By getting involved on and off campus you’ll not only meet people who are interested in the same things you are, but you’ll also get connected. You’ll be able to find out about great new deals, or parties that you wouldn’t know about otherwise. Go to the School Events – Whether it be football games, or University Program Council (UPC) events, such as concerts, comedians, or school wide events, go to them! You’re paying for these programs, so you mine as well ...

The Importance of College Accreditation: Is Your Degree Legit?

Proper college accreditation is necessary prior to earning your college degree. Unfortunately, not everyone understands the importance of college accreditation. Before you make the decision to apply to any traditional college, university, or online school- you should make sure that the school is accredited first and foremost.  Now don’t just assume that a particular school is accredited nor take someone’s word for it, but instead you should investigate to find out whether or not the school that you’re interested in is indeed accredited by a reputable accreditation agency, if you’re in doubt.  It has been discovered that some online schools are not accredited but are scams. The programs are designed for potential students who want to hastily compete their education and earn a degree quickly.  But unfortunately, the administrators of these school programs are more interested in receiving your money but may not necessarily provide you with a quality ...

Career Opportunities of Political Science

Political Science degrees provide a wide span of career choices with opportunities in law, government and politics. Political Science majors study the development and functions of both local and federal governments.  These fundamentals are based on behaviors that have been written about during the course of the world's history. Take a step back a review our own country's history, public behaviors have eventually developed in law with the intent of building a better nation. Careers As educators in academics, Legislative Senators, Administrative Aids, Campaign Managers, Journalists, District Attorney, or Judges, basic curriculums include math, science, and English. Year end thesis are focused on politics or a correlation to the selected career path for most students who are pursuing a Political Science degree to become lawyers, with some selecting paths into domestic or international politics. Studies Politica...

How to Write Better, Longer Papers & Essays, with Great Content

The majority of a writer’s woes can be summed up in two main problems: concision, which involves writing clearly and to the point without having to use excessive explanation, and its polar opposite, elaboration, which involves developing lengthy content to adequately support your subject. This article focuses on the latter and how to accomplish it naturally. Those individuals and students who detest the writing process seem to find themselves jotting down a few “all-encompassing” sentences and denying any reason for further development. This behavior brings no reward. By using these methods, you can write as much as you like, and may even have trouble keeping within the page limit of your writing assignment. 1.) Write about Something Interesting or Important Before you even begin, make sure your topic or general subject area is interesting to you or something that you care about. This is especially true with argumentative essays. If you don’t care for the topi...

Bookrenter vs. Textbooks.com: Textbook Rental Review & Comparison

Going to school is expensive enough, especially when you add in all of the books and textbooks you will need. You will have to pay high prices for textbooks you might never need again after the end of that semester or class. Then what do you do with that book you own. Renting textbooks and books is a great way to save a lot of money while at school. And not only for school either, once you are out of school, you could need textbooks to further your knowledge and keep up with new developments with your job. Once again, renting textbooks is far cheaper than buying them. If you should decide to buy a textbook, you might find them at much cheaper prices through either BookRenter or Textbooks.com.

How to Survive College

University. College. The first step towards independence and finding out who you are and what you will be. Although this is a time that many look forward to, there are those who look at it with some degree of fear. I can remember my first day in university, I was terrified, I mean it was the first time I had been this far away for this amount of time. The pressure was immense. I just wish I‘d had someone to tell to sit me down, look me in the eye and give me some homely but practical advice. There is no tried and tested method because people are different and experiences and backgrounds vary. But what I am looking to do is just give some friendly and, hopefully, useful advice. Are you sitting comfortably? Then I’ll begin… Firstly, it’s okay to feel a little intimidated. However, it is NOT okay to stay in a state of permanent anxiety. Remember sometimes, you will have to make the first move! I know it sounds...

Information Technology: Education and Career

IT technology has become an integral part of every aspect of our lives from personal to business today. For students, understanding the associations between software, hardware and user applications of technology is a prerequisite to the world’s daily functions. The growing significance of IT education is apparent with information technologies driving future developments of industrial trade, healthcare businesses, communications and ecommerce. IT education starts at an early age with students already having an understanding of home computers and the attachments, which open connections to the internet. Continuing education is crucial for students to learn how the tools are used in different areas, for research, collection of data, video and virtual presentations. Computer training and courses are defining the future of technology and expanding the use of IT purposes. Colleges, universities and postgraduates have put into practice IT education to prepare students for the next leve...

How to Make Studying for Exams in College Easier

If you are in college your study habit and how you do it changes. You become more serious about studying especially if you are studying for exams. Most college students complain about the stricter and stiffer rules when they are in college. In high school students could go gallivanting, in college there is a huge difference. College life is not about spending most time with friends and enjoying a pleasant time with them. College life is a serious business because it is here where you prepare your future. Your career is very important once you finish college because this will determine what lifestyle you will have in the future. College becomes daunting and tough only if you allow it to be. It is the same student life when you were in high school just a little tougher. But you don’t have to make it so hard for you. If you relax and try to enjoy college life even if studying for the exams is difficult for you, you will surely change the situation to fit your needs. Studyin...

Sources: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary

Within any field there are three basic types of sources: Primary These include contemporary writings, including writings by the person being studied; archives; objects; buildings. Secondary These include interpretations of any primary sources, or writings about them and their creators. The majority of the books in libraries are secondary sources. Notice the word ‘interpretations’: it implies, quite correctly, that many of the ideas in these sources are matters of opinion rather than fact, the middle ground between fact and fiction. This means that even where several authorities agree on a theory or an interpretation, you must be aware that there may be other possible and equally valid opinions. Much of your work will involve analysing conflicting opinions, either to judge between them or as a basis from which to express your own. Tertiary These include summaries, often evaluative, of secondary sources; bibliographies; abstracts; indexes; dictionaries; encyclopaedia...

Academics in Global Markets

Students studying in a foreign country find this to be an unforgettable experience. The opportunity to study aboard offers several benefits for the student and involves life changes, new adventures, and of course challenges.  As technology joins the global markets connecting mindsets and cultures, lifestyles and academics the experience produces a valuable career element for the undergraduate student.  Overseas studying  gives a student a chance to see the world, and gain an understanding of how the world sees them. It’s an experience that can be very surprising for students, who have never ventured outside of their own communities or country. One of the most challenging differences may be language for some, however, it presents the student with an opportunity to tests their skills of communications in another country. The best method of learning a second language is to live with it every day, and become a part of the commun...